Monthly Archives: February 2017

The Specialty of Crossover Cables



Crossover cables are used to connect two Ethernet cables with each other, they were specially created for a host to host situations.

Standard cables have an identical sequence of colored wires on each end. Crossover cables have the first and third wires (counting from left to right) crossed, and the second and sixth wires crossed

A good Ethernet crossover cable will be specially marked to distinguish it from straight through ones. Many are red in color and also feature the name “crossover” stamped on its packaging and wire casing. Crossover cables were commonly used by Information Technology (IT) professionals in the 1990s and 2000s as the popular forms of Ethernet at that time did not support direct cable connections between hosts. Both the original and Fast Ethernet standards were designed to use specific wires for both the transmit and receive signals.

These standards required the two endpoints to communicate through an intermediate device to avoid conflicts from trying to use the same wires for both transmit and receive. A feature of Ethernet called MDI-X provides the necessary auto-detection support to prevent these signal conflicts.

This feature allows the Ethernet interface to automatically determine which signaling convention the device on the other end of the cable expects and negotiates use of the transmit and receive wires accordingly. Note that only one end of a connection needs to support auto-detection for this feature to work.

Most home broadband routers (even older models) incorporated MDI-X support on their Ethernet interfaces. Gigabit Ethernet also adopted MDI-X as a standard. In summary, crossover cables are only needed when connecting two Ethernet client devices where neither is configured for Gigabit Ethernet. Modern Ethernet devices now automatically detect the use of crossover cables and work with them seamlessly. Crossover cables should only be used for direct network connections.

For the reason described above, attempting to connect a computer to an old router or network switch with a crossover cable instead of a normal cable can prevent the link from functioning. These cables can be specially purchased through various electronics outlets. Hobbyists and some IT professionals may prefer to make their own crossover cables instead.

Some Internet Solutions

slow wifi

What if my Wi-Fi router is not working? Most people ask this question very often due to their slow internet and annoying speed. At the end of the day, a Wi-Fi router is a device that can have some issues but it`s not a sign to worry about. At times it is very easy to sort out the issue and sometimes it takes lots of efforts. But the first step is always about detecting the problem that is creating an issue for you.

Wi-Fi routers are available in different colors, sizes and technologies and normally the Wi-Fi routers are provided by the internet supplier. Apart from different styles and sizes, all of them share almost the same issues. Following are some of the most commonly observed problems in routers and their simple remedies as well. Have a look:

1. Wi-Fi with extreme slow speed:

The most common problem that people observe is the problem of slow internet, the internet suddenly loses all speed and becomes steady. The main reason for the problem is the lack of signals from the internet supplier or maybe your device is not able to get the signals. Even in the peak hours, people complaint to have slow internet. Your neighbor’s Wi-Fi can also interrupt your signals as well. To avoid this clash, you can change your channel range or you could turn off your router for some time and then restart it.

2. Gaming can cause connectivity issues:

If you are addicted to games then you may often face the issue in your internet connectivity. Online games are extremely attractive for the addicts. As a result of this, your internet becomes congested and creates problems for you. But as a matter of fact, this is not a big thing to worry about. The simple solution is to arrange a new router for gaming purpose and a separate one should be used for other internet stuff.

3. Overheating of your Router:

Another big issue that people face is the issue of overheating. It is a fact that once people install the router at their place, they stop taking care of the router that leads to the short lifespan of the router. Excessive use of the router can heat it up and can cause issues for you. So the best remedy is to take proper care of your router and avoid excessive use of it. Don’t forget to turn it off after every 2–3 hours.

Concluding the above:

All of the above-mentioned issues are those which are mostly observed and just by taking small precautions you can have a safe and speedy internet connection. Another important thing is to reboot the router from time to time, which enhances its efficiency. At the end of the day, it is an equipment and it can have issues in it but most of them can be resolved if you know some of the basics. Last but not the least, you should check your router properly at the time of delivery just to check any damaged part or anything like that.

Over Coaxial Adapter: Innovation in the field of Adapters

We all love coaxial cables but hate them sometimes as well, why we love them? Because they are very quick and why do we hate them? Because they are wires and get tangled sometimes and sometimes are too much in an amount they are not presentable. Another reason for hating them is that they keep us suspended to a certain place and don’t provide much of the portability. Watching those cables strung around the wall can be annoying at times as well. Sometimes these cables feel like snakes crawling all around if the place is networked.


An Ethernet Over Coaxial Cable Adapter has been introduced to the world. This device is going to use the standard to make the power of local networks increase. If we try to explain it in simple words, because of this in consumers hands they will not have to buy more Ethernet cables or have them installed. They will be using coaxial cables that are already installed in the homes and offices. The concern is that these cables can’t be used to send the videos. The speed, however, is going to be breathtaking as the providers promise it to be 1 GB/s. This specification is going to have Forward Error Correction (FEC) technology, because of which the videos are going to be seamless and video lag is going to be reduced as well. The problem is that this setup is going to be given to the users that already have the coaxial cables installed if they don’t then it destroys the purpose of this device.

The New PoE Standard is Introduced



IEEE 802.3bt was the need for this technology because of the increase in the number of Ethernet-connected devices and their need for power. Power over Ethernet PoE continues to grow in popularity, so does the demand for applications with a higher power. The current standard, IEEE 802.3at, allows for maximum power at the powered device (PD) of 25.5 W, while the upcoming standard will allow the maximum power of up to 90 W.

What’s New?

This will increase the limit of PoE because it will use all four pairs of the wires which are in it. It will be very useful for pan-tilt-zoom cameras, VoIP Phones, LED Lights and the list is countless.

This not only enables the new higher power level but also provides better efficiency for the current PoE power level. The power loss in the cable is cut in about half. For example, an IEEE 802.3at PSE (power sourcing equipment) is required to supply a minimum of 30 W to ensure that the PD will receive 25.5 W. In the IEEE 802.3at standard, as much as 4.5 W is lost in the CAT5 cable.

Powering the same 25.5 W with the IEEE 802.3bt standard will cut the loss to less than 2.25 W. This increases the power-delivery efficiency from ~85% to ~92%. When you consider the number of PoE-powered devices in the world, this translates to a very large reduction in power, and in many cases up to a 7% lower carbon footprint for areas that are powered by fossil fuel. The new standard will define two more types of PSEs and PDs—Types 3 and 4. These additions will increase the maximum PoE power by delivering more power through two or more pairs of Ethernet cables. A new physical-layer classification, auto class, will help the PSE determine the actual maximum power drawn by the connected PD. Type 3 and 4 PSEs will identify the PD and set the power accordingly to the maximum PD power, resulting in a better power-delivery system. To maintain a PSE power, a PD must generate a power signature while the lights are off and data communication remains active. The new standard will reduce the time duration and the Maintain Power Signature (MPS) duty cycle to reduce the average standby power/current, benefiting applications such as LED lighting due to the high number of ports. The IEEE 802.3at standard required ~0.13 W to be consumed by a PD,” explains Heath. “If the PD fell below this power level, the PSE would turn off power completely. The new IEEE 802.3bt standard allows a much lower power for the standby level. Only ~0.02 W is required to maintain a power connection. This allows PoE to power ‘green’ applications with agency requirements for low standby power.


What about its future?

We all know that innovation always has a bright future but when we talk about the reports from Markets and Markets, the PoE market is expected to grow and reach more than $1 billion by 2022. The PoE market will expand with the new standard, giving way to higher-power solutions. Technically speaking, the new standard will allow for more power (60 and 90 W sourced), enhanced system efficiency, and better optimization of system power allocation, From a market point of view, the standard opens new markets that were not previously accessible. One example is PoE lighting. There will be an emergence of so-called ‘connected lighting systems,

So, basically it is a remarkable innovation in the field of technology, it’ll help networking improve like never before.

Memory Retrieval By Near-Infrared Light

We have always seen that a sudden incident made everyone remember something and also lose a lot of memories. These incidents target specific parts of the brain and bring the difference that either gives rise to new memories or remove the existing ones. Scientists at Hiroshima University (Japan) have built up a close infrared (close IR) laser-enacted procedure for spanning missing connections in the memory stream. The work intends to build comprehension of the systems required in neurotransmission, which could conceivably prompt to medications for memory misfortune conditions.

Scientists have been working on the method by which they can bring back the lost memories, they have been working on this process for a very long time now and are still waiting to make a noticeable achievement. While researchers know that incitement of neurotransmitters, for example, glutamate is required for working memory, where and how these synthetic couriers are created remains a puzzle. What is known is that calcium has a basic part to play, as its fixation increments before glutamate discharge—a component that is inadequately comprehended in light of calcium’s trickiness in neuron cells where it exists as a broke down salt, making it hard to control or identify.

1000ft pic laser

A strategy has been created that, when utilized, could permit the generation locales of synthetic errand people inside neurons to be sourced, examined, and even rebooted as required to restore streams amongst neurons and lift memory. The primary period of the strategy includes blended bearer particles that, when connected to the body through splash, diffuse freely into neuron cells, catching and holding set up any calcium they experience by holding positively with it. But since calcium suspended set up is of little use in memory tests unless it can really be distinguished, Abe and his examination group fused chromophores into the bearers to give them light-engrossing properties. At the point when close IR light is anticipated at these altered transporters, they separate by means of two-photon discharge. This breakdown, utilizing light fit for entering tissue without harming it, makes it especially helpful for inward use in living life forms through outer control utilizing lasers. In the lab where the principal investigator was gone ahead, close IR lasers were projected at neuron cells containing the light-sensitive transporters to check whether calcium was discharged. At the point when the electrical charge at every laser-shaft entrance point was recorded, presentation to the electromagnetic wave separated the light-touchy calcium-transporter particles, making them shed their electrically charged calcium cation. As calcium just exists at particular neurotransmitter generation zones in neurons, a higher charge was identified in these focuses. Since this lone occurred in particular territories and at generally abnormal states, it could likewise be derived that the subtle locales of calcium focus in neurons had at last been found.

Researchers can now concentrate on these exact purposes of neurotransmitter creation to create medicines for memory misfortune, regardless of whether by watching how these ranges react to a drug or by acquainting outside sourced glutamate with neurons that are not working.

How To Transform Your Home Network Into Wireless N


The world is moving forward to newer and newer technologies and everyone is always looking for betterment. No matter it’s a company or a product, better versions are always released and the research to make them better is always going on. When you at long last get your home system set up and running sensibly well, most likely the exact opposite thing you need to do is change it. On the off chance that your system needs Wireless N ability, however, you could pass up a great opportunity for quicker speeds and better unwavering quality. So the first thing that should pop in your mind is what the term “Wireless N” refers to. It is simply wireless network equipment that runs the 802.11n radio communication protocol.

Wireless N is like a cloud that is going to cover your entire home and allow you to transfer files between the devices. The convenience we have is that the older 802.11g based equipment could communicate inside the network at a standard rate of 54 Mbps. Wireless N items bolster a standard of 150 Mbps, approximately three circumstances quicker, with alternatives for significantly higher rates additionally accessible. Wireless N innovation likewise enhances the plan of radios and reception apparatuses incorporated with the system equipment. The signal scope of Wireless N switches frequently surpasses that of more seasoned types of Wi-Fi, bettering compass and keep up more dependable associations with gadgets advance away or outside. Moreover, 802.11n can work on signal frequencies outside the band ordinarily utilized by other non-arranged purchaser contraptions, decreasing the probability of radio impedance inside the home.

The only concern that we are going to have is that Wireless N, for the most part, enhances the speed of the film, music and other document sharing inside the house; it doesn’t expand the speed of the association between your home and whatever is left of the Internet.